Model for the World: Examples of Port Cities Influenced by Baltimore's Waterfront Renaissance

Sydney, Australia: the provincial government of New South Wales developed Darling Harbour after the model of Baltimore's Inner Harbor. The abandoned old port adjacent to the downtown business district was replaced with a convention center, aquarium, science museum, promenade and a festival marketplace named Darling Harbourside. The result helped Sydney win the 2000 Olympic Games.

Rotterdam, the Netherlands: the city's Real Estate and Planning Departments combined to extend the downtown across the Maas River to the Kop van Zuid — a new office, residential, hotel and leisure development built around the revitalized old cruise ship terminal, with a festival marketplace in the converted Customs House.

Long Beach, California: in a shoreline mud flat between downtown and the deep-sea harbor, the City developed a critical mass of attractions called Queensway Bay, frankly patterned after Baltimore's Inner Harbor and enhanced with a festival marketplace and the SS Queen Mary converted into a permanently docked hotel.

Norfolk, Virginia: the downtown Renaissance was jump-started by the Waterside — the festival marketplace developed by a partnership between the city and James Rouse's Enterprise Development Company and patterned after Harborplace in Baltimore; the city followed with the development of a convention center, World Trade Center, Marriott Hotel, a nautical science museum and a world-class cruise ship terminal.

Belfast, Northern Ireland: the Enterprise partnered with two Irish developers to win the rights to the Laganside project, connecting the center city with the Lagan River through the creation of a municipal auditorium, a pedestrian promenade and with a Hilton Hotel and the Irish headquarters of British Telecom.

Osaka, Japan; The Tempozan Marketplace was developed by a consortium headed by the Osaka Port Authority, with Enterprise providing Baltimore expertise as consulting developer; it includes the Ring of Fire Aquarium designed by the Cambridge Seven architects of Boston and a cruise ship terminal and a collection of other attractions.

Barcelona, Spain: Enterprise was retained by the national port authority of Spain to prepare the Master Plan for the development of Port Vell — the old port of Barcelona — and then partnered with a Spanish developer to create Mare Magnum, the critical mass of attractions that has been described as the most visited tourist attraction in Barcelona.

Honolulu, Hawaii: the historic Aloha Tower and Honolulu cruise ship terminal were redeveloped into a mixed-use project featuring the Aloha Tower festival marketplace by Enterprise and a group of Hawaiian and Japanese investors.